In English, passives are often from combining a variety of the fresh new verb become that have good

In English, passives are often from combining a variety of the fresh new verb become that have good

earlier in the day participle, for example was broken, be prosecuted, is made, are changed. Passives can also be formed with the verb get, as in ‘Your vase got broken.’

As the passive uses are a typical element away from English, he is said on OED only when especially well-known otherwise distinguished.

  • LONGLIST v.,To place on a longlist’, is described as ‘Usually in passive.’ Passive uses are the norm (e.g. ‘The novel is actually longlisted for the Man Booker Prize’), although active uses are possible (you could say, for example, ‘The judges longlisted thirty novels’).
  • Pass on v. 12b is defined as ‘In Of people, animals, etc.: to be scattered, dispersed, or distributed over or throughout an area.’ All the examples of this sense show passive use, for example ‘The Rook are give over the greater part of Europe’ and ‘the Monophysites?was indeed spread throughout Syria, Anatolia and Egypt.’

If a sentence is not grammatically passive but has a meaning similar to that of a passive, it can be described as ‘with passive meaning’. For example, you can say ‘I boil-washed the shirts’ (active) or ‘The shirts was indeed boil-sparkling‘ (passive); you can also say ‘These shirts boil-wash well’, which is not passive in form but is passive in meaning (= ‘These shirts can end up being boil-sparkling‘). At BOIL-Wash v., this type of use is noted: ‘Also occasionally intransitive with passive meaning.’

passive infinitive

An infinitive such as to eat or to question may be used in a passive form: to be eaten or to-be asked. Such forms are called passive infinitives. Passive infinitives often function as goes with of adjectives or things of verbs, for example ‘They was strange to be questioned‘ or ‘These apples need become used.

Like, ‘My personal dog broke the vase’, ‘The authorities commonly prosecute trespassers’, ‘John talks Spanish’, and you will ‘The wind howled’ are effective sentences. Various kinds of effective sentence is converted into passives, such ‘Your vase is busted from the my personal dog’ (get a hold of couch potato).

  • In phrasal verbs sections, combinations of verbs and adverbs are described as ‘With adverbs in specialized senses’, for example to power down and to power up at Electricity v.

A case is an inflected form of a noun, pronoun, or adjective which expresses its grammatical relationship with other words. For example, the fact that a noun is in the nominative case indicates that it is the subject of the verb.

  • RUMOUR v. 2a is described as ‘Frequently in passive with anticipatory it as subject and subordinate clause’, referring to examples such as ‘It was rumoured amongst the common People.. that the Plague was a student in the city.
  • The examples at Church letter. step one 1b are described as ‘Without article’. In these examples, church occurs without the or a, such as ‘people going in and out away from church‘ or ‘time spent inside chapel‘.

popular noun

[The definition of complementary is utilized within the unrevised OED entries plus in entries modified before 2019. Entries otherwise elements of entries modified because 2019 have fun with detailed text, in terms of analogy from the Upset adj. C1b: “That have establish participles, creating adjectives where annoyed expresses brand new fit of fundamental verb, such as angry-appearing, angry-sounding, an such like., adjs.”]

Dated English had three men and women: male, female, and you can neuter. Although not, the increasing loss of your situation program in Middle English suggested you to the difference between grammatical men and women disappeared nearly completely.

  • The use of knavery to mean ‘an act that is characteristic of a knave’ is treated at KNAVERY letter. 1b, where the definition is introduced by ‘as a count noun’. One of the examples quoted is ‘there are men and women living on crusts in garrets because of his knaveries‘.
  • Nursing assistant n. 1 nine is described as ‘Used without determiner to denote a particular nurse’. An example is ‘A doctor can tell a client: “Nurse will see you right away”’.
  • At Probably v., meaning ‘am/is going to’, sense 2a(a) covers uses with a subject, e.g. ‘what I gonna do’ (with the subject I). Sense 2a(b) covers uses ‘with ellipsis of subject’: for example, in ‘Gonna be a burner today’, the subject (it) is omitted.

On the OED, case-inflected kinds of pronouns all are handled as separate words (e.g. The guy pron., Your pron.), while verb, noun, and you can adjective inflections are typically handled included in the same keyword.

Modifiers may be described more specifically as premodifiers or postmodifiers, depending on whether they come before or after the modified word, phrase, or clause.


You can often convert an active sentence into a passive sentence, by making the direct target of the active verb the grammatical subject of the passive verb, and either expressing the subject in a phrase with by or omitting it altogether. For example: